Cultural Origins of Democracy in the West
F 2017

Recent events lead us to reexamine our understanding of the concept of "Democracy."  The term is defined in many different ways.  It was reviled for most of history.  While  Democracy has been defined as a “universal value,” in today’s world, is that really the case? The author of our core book guides us through the history of the concept from ancient Greece through the Nineteenth Century.  He reviews relevant historical, philosophical and religious perspectives beginning with the ancient Greeks and moving to Montaigne, the religious wars of the Reformation era, the destruction of that same democratic impulse in the seventeenth-century English Civil War, rebirth in the British North American colonies and then the American, and French revolutions.  He posits that, contrary to the common view that modern Democracy does not arise until after the exclusion by the secularists of religion from the political discourse, the 16th and 17th century revival of interest in Jewish and Christian sources by Protestant theologians transformed political thought in several new dimensions

          

The SDG is a follow-up to "Democracies in Crisis," offered in Winter 2017.